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Question about spot diagram

  • 10 August 2022
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Hi everyone,

In the spot diagram, how it automatic calculate 5 fields? And how it get the five coordinates on the IMA?

Thanks,

Xiaolei

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Best answer by David.Nguyen 12 August 2022, 11:14

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Hi Xiaoleiwang,

 

I’m not sure I understand your question. By default, I think the Spot Diagram displays all the fields defined in your system. Therefore, if you have 5 fields defined in your system, there will be a spot diagram for each of those fields. You can check if you open the Settings of the Spot Diagram under the setting Field:

As for the IMA coordinate, it depends what your Refer To setting is set to. By default, I think it is the Chief Ray, in which case, the IMA coordinate is the intercept between the real chief ray and the corresponding Surface (as defined in the settings of the Spot Diagram). The other references are described in the Help File (F1, or by pressing the blue question mark icon in the Spot Diagram) under The Analyze Tab (sequential ui mode) > Image Quality Group > Rays and Spots > Standard Spot Diagram:

Refer To The spot diagrams by default are referenced to the real chief ray. The RMS and GEO spot radii listed at the bottom of the diagram (and defined in the discussion section) are calculated assuming the chief ray is the "zero aberration" point. However, this option allows selection of other reference points. The centroid is defined by the average position of the rays traced. The middle is defined so that the maximum ray errors are equal in the plus and minus x and y directions. The vertex is defined by the local coordinates 0,0 on the selected surface. If the system is in afocal mode, the chief ray reference will be used instead of the vertex reference.

 

Let me know if this answers your question and take care,

 

David

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Thank you for your detailed explanation, David. Actually, I meant how the spot diagram choose the five coordinate in field to generate the five IMA coordinates?  For example, in the below picture,  why pick the filed coordinate to generate coordinate (1.190, 2.110) in IMA? Why not just pick some other filed coordinate to generate coordinate (3.15, 4.50) (I made this coordinate up just for example)? Is that possible I can set the different five coordinates in field to generate different five coordinates in IMA?

 

Userlevel 6
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Hi Xiaoleiwang,

 

Sorry if my first answer wasn’t clear. Let me try to rephrase it.

How the IMA coordinate you see in the Spot Diagram is calculated depends on the the setting you chose under Refer To, see my screenshot below from the Double Gauss 28 degree field sample file:

The reference chosen is also written at the bottom, in the footer of the Spot Diagram.

If you have chosen the default Chief Ray, then OpticStudio will trace a Chief ray at the primary wavelength for each field you have defined and the IMA coordinate is going to be the intersection of this chief ray with the Surface specified in the setting (by default: the Image surface).

You can verify what I’m saying with a Analyze..Rays & Spot..Single Ray Trace. If I use the same file as above (Double Gauss 28 degree field), and perform a single ray trace of a chief ray (Px and Py = 0) at the primary wavelength (2) for Field 3, this is the result:

As you can see, the Y-coordinate is 24.551 mm as in my first screenshot for the third field (the one at the bottom). If you change the Refer To setting, then the IMA coordinate is calculated differently, and you’ll find more details in the Help File (but let me know if you have questions about that):

Refer To The spot diagrams by default are referenced to the real chief ray. The RMS and GEO spot radii listed at the bottom of the diagram (and defined in the discussion section) are calculated assuming the chief ray is the "zero aberration" point. However, this option allows selection of other reference points. The centroid is defined by the average position of the rays traced. The middle is defined so that the maximum ray errors are equal in the plus and minus x and y directions. The vertex is defined by the local coordinates 0,0 on the selected surface. If the system is in afocal mode, the chief ray reference will be used instead of the vertex reference.

 

Now, if you want the IMA coordinates to be different (assuming we will be using Refer To: Chief Ray). Then, you need to modify your Fields in the System Explorer. This is what I would recommend:

  1. In OpticStudio, click on the Setup..System Explorer
  2. Double-click on Fields (this opens the Field Data Editor)
  3. Click on the Field X Properties drop-down menu (X being an integer between 1 and the number of your fields)
  4. If the Type is not set to Real Image Height, go to the Convert To drop-down menu and select Real Image Height
  5. Change the X/Y (mm) columns value to your need (these correspond to the IMA coordinates in the Spot Diagram)

Let me know if this answer is clearer and if you have any other question.

Take care,

 

David

 

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Thank you so much for detailed explanation, Dave. The fields setting is what I am looking for, now everything make sense. I really appreciate your help!

Best regards,

Xiaolei

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